National Provisions for Senior Citizen

The government started to include plans, policies and programmes for family-based security system to enable elderly to lead a dignified life since the Ninth Five Year Plan (1997-2002). Since then many initiatives have been taken with regards to:

  • The Senior Citizens Act 2063 (2006) defines senior citizens as people 60 years and above, similar to the WHO.
  • Besides senior citizens from the Dalit community, those from Karnali Province and single women, senior citizens must be above the age of 70 years to be able to access their allowance.
  • Senior citizens allowance has increased to  Rs 3000 per month from the fiscal year 2019/2020. Business Age reported that this will come into effect from 17 July 2019.
  • The government has started providing Rs 5,000 as monthly livelihood allowance to patients living with kidney failure, cancer and paralysis due to spinal injury.
  • The Ministry of Health (MoH) provides financial relief through the  Bipanna Nagarik Kosh or Poverty Stricken Citizens Treatment Fund, to citizens who cannot bear the cost of medical treatment for the following eight diseases; 1. Cardiovascular diseases 2. Cancer 3. Renal failure 4. Alzheimer’s disease 5. Parkinson’s disease 6. Head and Spinal injury 7. Sickle Cell Anaemia and 8. Stroke. Any eligible patient can avail this fund for only one disease. The list of registered hospitals for treatment can be found here Those eligible will receive the following:
    • Each patient will be provided NRs. 1,00,000/- as health care expenses including medicines required for disease management
    • Free haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis for 1 year, for patients with renal impairment (मृगौला रोगीको उपचार सम्बन्धमा)
    • NRs. 2,00,000/- as kidney transplant expense
    • NRs. 1,00,000/- in one or more installments as medicine expense for post-transplant management
    • NRs. 1,00,000 to purchase medicine post kidney transplant is provided as cash grant. All other subsidies are provided directly through hospitals in Nepal.
    • If a required treatment is not available in Nepal, deprived citizens are eligible to receive up to Rs. 1,00,000 in cash for treatment outside Nepal. A proof of the unavailability of the treatment in Nepal and an approval from the Ministry of Health will be required to receive this treatment allowance.
    • life-threatening diseases. Cardiovascular diseases, cancer, renal failure, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, head and spinal injury, sickle cell anaemia and stroke are covered under this programme.